With the advent of the Internet as a tool for communication, there is an increase in the rate of disinformation. As part of the Goal of Cluck Clank, we thought it wise to inform our readers on Everything they need to know about Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (COVID-19).
Before we dive into today’s topic, it would be good if you are versed with some background Knowledge on Disease-causing Pathogens. An Infection is a Harm caused by a micro-organism which can be also referred to as A Germ. Micro-organisms are living Organisms that are so small that they can’t be noticed and seen with the naked eye. They can only be seen with the help of a Microscope.
There exists Micro-Organisms such as:
COVID-19 happens to be a Virus. Let’s look at some slight differences between a Virus and Bacteria.
Differences between a Virus and a Bacteria
|1||Not Affected by Antibiotics||Affected by Antibiotics|
|2||Are Parasitic in nature i.e they need a host to grow and multiply||Can Survive on their own|
|3||shorter Incubation period usually below 2 weeks||Longer Incubation period i.e some may even last 3-6 Months for example Gonorrhea|
Some Key Terms:
DNA: Deoxyribonucleic Acid sometimes called the building block of Life, is the hereditary material found in Humans and most living Organisms. Most DNA is found in the Cell Nucleus where it called Nuclear DNA, although some may be found in the Mitochondria. The DNA contains the Code for building new Organisms.
RNA: The same as DNA but it is folded unto itself. They act as a messenger for DNA.
Zoonosis: Is an infectious disease that can be transmitted between species from Animals to Humans and Vice Versa. E.g Rabies, COVID-19.
WHO: World Health Organization.
Where did the COVID-19 come from:
The COVID-19 was identified in Wuhan, China in December 2019. It was declared a Public Health Emergency worthy of International concern in January 2020 and was declared a global Pandemic in March 2020 by a briefing of the World Health Organization’s Director.
Evidence has shown this Virus likely originated from a Seafood market in Wuhan.
It should, however, be known that COVID-19 is a Zoonal virus that transmits from One Animal to another and it has the possibility of being transmitted to a Human. The Fishmarket in Wuhan was the ideal place for the transfer of diseases between animals. It is however believed COVID-19 may have originated from Bats to snakes and/or other Wildlife that was sold to persons in the Fish Market.
From the picture above , you can clearly see the mixture of Semen, blood, urine, Feaces of different species of Animals. This clearly is the ideal venue for the transmission of diseases between Animals.
Poor Sanitary Conditions in Wuhan Market
Poor Sanitary Conditions in Wuhan Market
However, the market was closed on 1st January 2020. But the harm was already done, as they were reports of a cluster of cases of Pneumonia around Wuhan.
The World Took COVID-19 lightly and countries were sluggish to respond. However, China deployed Medical personnel into the City of Wuhan and built a Giant Hospital in less than 2 weeks.
Signs and Symptoms of COVID-19
According to WHO, symptoms are Dry Cough, Fever, Tiredness. Since diseases vary with individuals, some patients may have: aches and pains, nasal congestions, running nose, sore throat, diarrhea. These symptoms are mild and may begin slowly. Most people become infected and get well without knowing. About 16.67% of infected persons become seriously ill and may have difficulty in breathing.
transmission of covid-19
People can catch COVID-19 from others who already have the virus. The disease can spread through small droplets when the infected person breathes out or coughs.
These tiny droplets then drop on other surfaces and can be picked up by persons who touch those infected surfaces. It is recommended to stand at least 1 Metre away from persons who are sick.
Remedy for COVID-19
Below are some of the ways to better avoid COVID-19:
- Regularly wash your hands with water and soap or an alcohol-based hand rub or Hand Sanitizers. Washing of hands weakens the bonds between the viruses and hence kills it.
- Maintain at least 1m between yourself and anyone who is sneezing or coughing in order to be on the safe side.
- Avoid Touching your nose, Eyes, Cheeks when you are in public.
- Only go out when it is necessary in order to avoid contact with persons.
- If you are unwell, then stay at home.
- Always wear a Face Mask (N95 or Surgical Mask) when you are outside or somewhere that is crowded.
Flattening of the Curve
There exist a common technique in the Defeat against COVID-19. Here they use a curve to depict the number of people who would contract the disease over a period of time. These numbers are only theoretical.
From the Curve above , the faster the infection rate increases, the greater the Healthcare of the area becomes overloaded , and the more Doctors would have to guess before they treat patients. As we have seen in Italy.
A Flatter Curve assumes the same number of pesrons gets infected , but over a long period of time. A Slower infection rate means the Healthcare system isn’t stressed and Doctors can professionally handle cases.
The best way to flatten the curve is through collective action. Some methods include:
- Closing of Schools
- The maximum number of persons in an Event shouldn’t exceed 50.
- Wearing of Face Masks with a Filter layer.
Some Common Myths about COVID-19
Under this section, we would look at some of the misinformation currently circulating about COVID-19
1) Black People cannot have Corona Virus: Well as funny as it sounds, the Majority of persons dying in the USA because of COVID-19 are blacks. They were less prepared and kept on believing in some ridiculous myths that Blacks can’t be affected by COVID-19.
2) 5G Causes COVID-19: The Radiations from 5G are Non-ionizing in nature and hence they can’t even penetrate the Human Skin. You can read more about 5G here.
3) Take Antibiotics or Drink Lemon to protect yourself from COVID-19: COVID-19 is not a Bacteria, it is a Virus. Antibiotics administration should only be taken to treat Bacterial infection after consultation with a Medical Doctor.
4) There is a Vaccine for COVID-19: According to the WHO, there is no Vaccine or antiviral medicine to treat COVID-19. Studies are however in Clinical trials.
You can get more answers to such Myths from the WHO.
To get up-to-date information on COVID-19. You contact the WHO via Whatsapp using this Link.